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The purpose of this research is to show the efficacy of Roux-en-Y gastric bypass and sleeve gastrectomy as compared to traditional diet and exercise models. Finding ways to combat morbid obesity has resulted in invasive surgical techniques because traditional diets and exercise work infrequently and often fail. Systematic reviews, metaanalysis, randomized controlled trials and retrospective studies were found using the data base of CINAHL, SportsDiscus, PsycInfo, Embase, and PubMed. All of the studies were published no later than 2014 and used human adult subjects ages 19-65. The studies reviewed show that bariatric surgery is a safe and effective obesity treatment with low risk of post-operative complications and mortality related to surgery. The reviewed studies find that patients who undergo the Roux-en-Y gastric bypass can lose 80% or more of excess weight and those who undergo sleeve gastrectomy can lose 60% or more of excess weight. The data supports that the bariatric surgeries discussed here help people maintain weight loss for up to ten years.
Physician Assistant Studies
Date of Work
Bariatric surgery, Roux-en-Y gastric bypass, sleeve gastrectomy, morbid obesity, weight reduction, and long term.
Medicine and Health Sciences
Donovan, Erica, "Efficacy of Bariatric Surgery Compared to Non-Surgical Treatments for Morbid Obesity" (2020). Physician Assistant Scholarly Project Posters. 172.