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Historically, these cardiac interventions have been performed using partial or complete open sternotomy.
1. Coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG)
2. Atrial septal defect (ASD) repair,
3. Mitral valve repair and/or replacement
In 2000, the Federal Food and Drug Administration approved the use of the da Vinci Robotic Surgical System. Less invasive surgical option.
Physician Assistant Studies
Master of Physician Assistant Studies (MPAS)
Cardiac Surgical Procedures -- instrumentation; Cardiac Surgical Procedures -- methods; Robotic Surgical Procedures
Cardiovascular Diseases | Surgery
Yergenson, Randy, "The da Vinci Robotic Surgical Systems In Atrial Septal Defect Repair, Coronary Artery Bypass Graft and Mitral Valve Repair" (2015). Physician Assistant Scholarly Project Posters. 112.