Download Poster (417 KB)


Objective. The purpose of this life history study was to gather information regarding the history and evolution of occupational therapy (OT) practice in North Dakota and Wyoming. The life history of Lance Norman and his influence in developing OT in North Dakota was one of 29 stories explored.

Method. The qualitative study used a life history approach. A semi-structured interview was conducted with the participant that was assigned to the researchers via a purposive sampling method. The interview was recorded, transcribed, and an open coding process was used for data analysis. To guide the research process the Kawa model was used as a theoretical base.

Results. Data analysis generated 26 codes. The codes were classified into three categories, including: academics, administration, and professional practice. Each category further reflected three to four themes. A single assertion was then determined to capture the essence of Lance’s life history.

Conclusion. Lance has a multifactorial role in the field of OT in North Dakota and Northwest Minnesota that encompasses academia, professional practice, and administrative duties. He continually strives for best practice by taking advantage of opportunities, and guiding the next generation of therapists to help the profession grow and develop

Publication Date


Document Type



Hand thereapy, evidence-based, research, life-long, learning, mentors


Occupational Therapy

Evolution of Occupational Therapy Practice: Life History of Lance Norman, MOT, OTR/L, CHT