Date of Award

2020

Document Type

Scholarly Project

Degree Name

Master of Occupational Therapy (MOT)

Department

Occupational Therapy

First Advisor

Sarah Nielsen

Second Advisor

Devon Olson

Abstract

Objective: To examine the available evidence for interventions provided on college campuses that address mental illness in college-aged students.

Method: The scoping review process laid out in Arksey and O’Malley (2005) was utilized to help guide the process. Four databases were used to search for articles. Specific search terms for each database were developed with the aid of a librarian. A total of 82 articles were included in the final scoping review.

Results: Interventions were categorized based on the Public Health Model and intervention type. 30 articles fell within the tier 1, universal category, 52 articles fell within the tier 2, targeted category, and 32 articles fell within the tier 3, intensive category. Regarding intervention types, 33 articles were classified as specialized counseling, therapy, or peer support; 30 articles were classified as stigma reduction; 21 articles were classified as prevention/health promotion; 18 articles were classified as mental health literacy; 14 articles were classified as help-seeking/disclosure; and 5 articles were classified as supported education. The findings have limited generalizability due to less rigorous research designs and small sample sizes.

Conclusion: More rigorous research needs to be completed regarding what is being done to address mental health in college and university students. There is also a need for more research on appropriate accommodations as there is currently little research on this topic. Finally, there needs to be more research on occupational therapy’s role in this area of practice

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