Date of Award


Document Type

Scholarly Project

Degree Name

Master of Occupational Therapy (MOT)


Occupational Therapy

First Advisor

Sonia Zimmerman


Aged; Health Promotion; Leisure Activities; Long-Term Care; Men -- psychology


Introduction: The purpose of this project was to develop a wellness guide for staff to implement in long-term care (LTC), to increase participation of meaningful activities and well-being for male residents of all abilities, both physically and psychosocially.

Methodology: A literature review was conducted to understand the need for activities of male residents in LTC. Sources included: online databases, textbooks, and government websites. The Canadian Model of Occupational Performance and Engagement (CMOPE) was selected to direct the development of the program guide. The CMOP-E promotes engagement in occupations and enablement of occupational performance, both of which are important for male residents in LTC.

Results: Throughout the literature review, the importance of activities and the need to match interest preferences of male residents in LTC was emphasized. Based on demographics, the majority of residents are typically female. Too often activities are geared toward the interests of females rather than males, which indicated the need for a program guide. The guide for Wellness Programming for Men in Long-Term Care was designed to address the specific needs of males in LTC. The program guide provides activities, modifications and enablement skill recommendations for LTC staff to use in meeting the needs of male residents through meaningful activities.

Conclusions: Following older men’s transition into LTC, it is important for male residents to engage in meaningful activities to assist with changes, both physically and psychosocially. By implementing the program guide, LTC staff can encourage male residents to engage in occupations that are meaningful and increase well-being, regardless of one’s abilities.