Date of Award


Document Type

Scholarly Project

Degree Name

Master of Occupational Therapy (MOT)


Occupational Therapy

First Advisor

Sclinda Janssen


Aged; Aged, 80 and over; Depression -- prevention & control; Long Term Care; Quality of Life


The purpose of this scholarly project is to present methods to help ease the transition process for older adults into a long term care (LTC) facility using a meaningful occupation based approach. An estimated .9% of the community dwelling individuals versus 72% of long term care residents exhibit some form of depression (Harris & Haffer, 2003; Harris, 2007). Consequently residents experience decrease functional status and decreased quality of life. A comprehensive literature review of adults' transitioning into LTC facilities was conducted using PubMed, Ebsco, Psychlnfo, Scopus, OT search, CINAHL, AJOT, textbooks, and the internet. The literature supp0l1s the need for an occupation based approach that will promote a successful transition into LTC. An occupation based program guide to ease the transition into LTC was designed based on the Model of Human Occupation. The handbook is for occupational therapists (OTs) practicing in LTC settings. The program guide is organized into three phases; pre-admission, admission, and post admission. Each phase contains an occupation based component that serves to supplement existing transitional services currently in LTC facilities. In conclusion, it is recommended that OTs use this program guide to ease the transition of new residents into LTC. It is likely this scholarly project will decrease depression rates and enhance quality of life among residents living in LTC. It is recommended that a pilot program be implemented upon grant attainment to continue research and effectiveness of this scholarly project.