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Created by John Willison and Kerry O'Regan.

Adapted for the US context by Sara K. Kuhn.

"The seven-level Researcher Skill Development framework extends the RSD's original 5 levels of student autonomy to include the degree of autonomy required for a successful research career. It therefore addresses not only students, but also early, middle and late career researchers. This involves the extension of the same facets of inquiry that appear in the original RSD framework to include two higher levels: 6 and 7." --

For more information, see: Willison, J., & O’Regan, K. (2007). Commonly known, commonly not known, totally unknown: A framework for students becoming researchers. Higher Education Research & Development, 26(4), 393-409. Retrieved from

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research skills, assessment, curriculum, knowledge development, scholarly communication, educational frameworks, educational methods


Educational Assessment, Evaluation, and Research | Scholarly Communication

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RSD7: Researcher Skill Development Framework (US English Edition)