This is the inaugural issue of "The Red Flame," published by the Citizens Economy League in Bismarck. This monthly magazine "was devoted entirely to attacks upon the League and the state administration and to promoting I.V.A. (Independent Voters' Association) candidates." (Political Prairie Fire by Robert Morlan, page 267)
Nonpartisan League, AC Townley
Citizens Economy League. "The Red Flame: November 1919" (1919). North Dakota Politics - Publications. 133.