Floyd Montclair



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This pamphlet dated June 16, 1945, from Secretary of the Fort Berthold Tribal Council Floyd Montcair to United States Senator William Langer is entitled “Fort Berthold Indians of North Dakota.” This 28 page pamphlet includes an introduction with four “fundamental facts,” which are the following: 1.) the American Indians were in possession of the country called the United States before Columbus discovered America; 2.) treaties authored by the country called the United States have been careless and the removal of whole communities of Indians is contradictory to the American notion of liberty; 3.) a history of treaties showing how the Fort Berthold Reservation became what it is today; 4.) the lack of principle used by the United States in dealings with the Fort Berthold Indians, especially in the projects such as the Garrison Dam. The pamphlet includes five resolutions denouncing the Garrison Dam project, personal statements denouncing the Garrison Dam project from Montclair, Thomas S. Wolf, James Thornberg, and United States Congressperson Usher Burdick. The pamphlet includes two poems, one authored by Langston Hughes and one authored by Myrtle K. Cherryman. The pamphlet concludes with a petition signed by over 250 enrolled members of the Fort Berthold Americans Inc. urging the United States Congress to pass a $400,000 claim. This pamphlet is marked on its cover with the handwritten annotation “To U.S. Senator William A. Langer with compliments - Martin Cross.”

Date of Work



Mandan Hidatsa and Arikara Nation, the Three Affiliated Tribes of the Fort Berthold Reservation, Mandan, Nueta, Hidatsa, Arikara, Sahnish, Indian Affairs, Elbowoods, Christopher Columbus, Treaty of Fort Laramie, claims, reservation system, Dowes Act, Great White Father, Garrison Diversion, Garrison Reservoir, Garrison Dam, denouncing the Garrison Dam, Missouri RIver, vested rights

Organizations Referenced

Mandan Hidatsa and Arikara Nation, the Three Affiliated Tribes of the Fort Berthold Reservation, Mandan, Nueta, Hidatsa, Arikara, Sahnish, Tribal Council of the Fort Berthold Three Affiliated Tribes

People Referenced

Martin Cross, Christopher Columbus, William Langer, Douglas Stanish, Sam Lincoln, James Baker, Usher Burdick, C.H. Beitzel, Earl Bateman, Walter Young Bear, Sam Badgun, Robert Lincoln, Phillip Snow, Martin Fox, Richard Burr, Phillip Atkins, Oscar Burr, Langson Hughes, Myrtle K. Cherryman, Thomas S. Wolf, James Thornberg, William Lemke, Marin Cross, Fred Wheeler, Harvey Hopkins, Clyde Plenty, Pat Malnourie, Tony Perkins, Burr Crow Breast, Matthew White Bear, Perry C. Ross, John W. Smith, Adrian Baker, Victor Mandan, Frank Birds Bill, Douglass Standish, Carl W. Sterud, Roy Crows Heart, Henry Perkins, George Lewis, William Bears Tail, Frank Young Bear, Victor Mason, Don Little Owl, Lee Hill, Carl Sylvester

Pamphlet from Floyd Montclair to Senator Langer Regarding the Fort Berthold Indians of North Dakota, June 16, 1945