B.L. Singley



Artist Dates

1864 - 1938


image preview

Date of Work

c. 1906

Date of Work



Stereoscopic Slide






Art & Design Study Collection, James Smith Pierce Collection.


Stored: SS-Box-JSP-1


UND Art Collections Repository

Additional Information

Black and white photo of two men plowing a muddy field with ox-drawn plows. In the background are several wooden huts.

Text on front left:

Keystone View Company

Manufacturers Publishers

Copyright 1906, by

B. L. Singley. Made in U.S.A.

Text on front below image:

10064 - Filipino Farmers Harrowing Rice Fields Near Manila, P.I.

Text on front right:

Meadville, Pa., St. Louis, Mo., Portland, Ore., New York, N.Y., Toronto, Can., London, Eng.

Text on back:

This is an altogether Philippine scene. Everything in it belongs to these Islands, and belongs to them, almost exclusively. The curious harrow has nothing to match it in any other land, except Hawaii, which has imported it from Luzon along with the buffalo. The water buffalo, or caracao is the common, almost the only, beast of burden in the Philippines. The manner of cultivating the ground under water is exceptional and very striking. The lofty roofs of thatch on the native huts would alone mark the scene as belonging to the Philippine Islands.

The water buffalo is amphibious. Left to himself he spends much of his time in water or mud. At work he must be re-leased about every two hours in order to lie down in mud or water. This is necessary for his health and efficiency. He is not very rugged, but is the indispensable and universal hard worker of the archipelago. He has great strength, but not great ago. endurance.

The harrow has teeth projecting from the horizontal iron bar, to which a handle resembling the frame of a buck-saw is attached. It does not turn the soil over, but stirs it up from a depth of four inches. The harrowing is carried on in the wet season, which begins about April 15- except on the Pacific Coast, where the seasons are reversed. Rice is planted in a seed- plot early in June and transplanted to. the field towards the end of July (see view 10065). harrowing preparatory to planting.


Very Good