1864 - 1938
Date of Work
Art & Design Study Collection, James Smith Pierce Collection.
UND Art Collections Repository
Located five miles southwest from the business center of the city is the Union Stock Yards, a very great commercial center in itself. tory and growth of Chicago. The Yards at present cover an area of 40o acres of ground. In 3.300 pens, 1,800 covered and 1,500 open, provision is made for handling at one time 25,000 head of cattle, 14,000 sheep and 150,000 hogs. The Yaras contain 20 miles of streets, 20 miles of water troughs, 50 miles of feeding troughs, and 75 miles of water and drainage pipes. Artesian wells, having an average depth of 1,230 feet. afford an abundant supply of water. There are also 87 miles of railroad tracks, all the great roads having access to this vast market. The entire cost was $4,000,000. About 1,200 men are employed at the Stock Yards proper. The meat-packing industry is carried on in immediate proximity to the Stock Yards. A single business, that controlled by Messrs. Armour & Co., occupies 70 acres of flooring and employs about 5,000 men. Some 18,000 to 25,000 men are daily employed in the various packing houses, varying according to the season of the year.