1864 - 1938
Title of Work
Date of Work
Art & Design Study Collection, James Smith Pierce Collection.
UND Art Collections Repository
Gold in the bed of the Fraser River brought thousands of miners to British Columbia in 1856 and following years. Gold made the province important and caused its being made a province of Canada. Gold was readily found in the beds of the Fraser, the Thompson and the Peace rivers and their tributaries. Gold diggers from Australia, from California, from everywhere - Americans, British, Mexican, Chinese - rushed in. Ordered government and civilization followed. The river beds have been abandoned to Chinese gold-seekers, who make perhaps half a dollar a day. But mining has grown to be a great and profitable industry, the gold output of British Columbia in 1900 exceeding $4,700,000. The gold-bearing ores yield also silver and lead; the silver output of 1900 reached $2,400,000. Copper mines yielded $1,600,000 and coal was mined worth $4,300,000 in 1900. The salmon fisheries, which are most extensive on the Fraser, yield $4,000,000 a year, and other fisheries more than $1,000,000.