Title of Work
Date of Work
Art & Design Study Collection: James Smith Pierce Collection
Stored: 234 JSP Box 5, S7D
UND Art Collections Repository
Amand Durand was an established and reputable French engraver who lived from 1831-1905. He dedicated most of his adult life to recreating the early etching plates created by the masters such as Rembrandt. His etchings are based on research and studies he did in museums and private collections, and his work is considered to be incredibly accurate. His work varies in value depending on the piece and is known to have been purchased by major European collectors, the Louvre, and the French Biblioteque Nationale.
Created by Amand Durand After Claude Lorraine (Claude Gelleé, French, c. 1604-1682) Painting: A Seaport at Sunrise, 1674
Student Research Submitted by Simen Engh, 2019:
In the 1600s, etching was becoming popular as an alternative to plate engraving. Plate engraving was a physically and mentally intense method, and many artists were finding relief in the less exhausting medium of etching. Etching works by scratching a design into an acid-resistant ground covering a copper plate. The scratches are later filled with ink and pressed onto paper. Today, the tools and materials necessary for etching are widely available. The same can be said for the knowledge. This is contrary to the 1600s where the techniques were secrets passed down to apprentices, and the process was a major operation. Because of this exclusivity and difficulty in producing etching plates, the majority of plates produced by the master artists were lost, worn down or destroyed over the next couple hundred years.
Additional object notes:
Written by hand: Claude Gellee of Lorraine: Sunrise [lower left] Verso: stamped "Printed in France [lower left] Stamped "G. Rapilly - Paris (publisher) Helio - A.D. 9 Quai Malaquais." Additional stamp center of verso.
James Smith Pierce Collection
Darkening or bleaching from prolonged exposure to ultraviolet and/or heat from sun or artificial light. There are two pin holes, one is of light center in the work, and one on the lower margin