US Government Documents related to Indigenous Nations


Bureau of American Ethnology


87th Congress, 2d Session



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Published as a series sponsored by the Smithsonian Institution Bureau of American Ethnology, the “River Basin Surveys Papers” are a collection of archeological investigations focused on areas now flooded by the completion of various dam projects in the United States. The River Basin Surveys Papers (numbered 1-39) were mostly published in bundles, with 5-6 papers in each bundle. In collaboration with the United States (US) National Park Service and the US Bureau of Reclamation, the US Department of the Interior, and the US Army Corps of Engineers, the Smithsonian Institution pulled archeological and paleontological remains from several sites prior to losing access to the sites due to flooding. The Smithsonian Institution calls this project the Inter-Agency Archeological Salvage Program.

Paper number 36 discusses the excavation of the Hickey Brothers site, located on the west bank of the Missouri River near the town of Lower Brule. The site was excavated in 1958 and 1959. The site hosted a large village with an elaborate fortification ditch; however, the author notes that the site yielded an “insignificant” number of artifacts. The site yielded fortifications, habitation areas, pottery, bone materials, and lithic materials. The author speculates that the village was not fully established before the inhabitants moved on, either by force or necessity. The author calls the site “the unfinished village.” This area was flooded by completion of the Big Bend Dam. This paper contains photographs, illustrations, and maps.

Publication Date



Archeological Salvage Program, Big Bend Reservoir, Big Bend Dam, Hickey Brothers site, excavation, anthropology, ethnology, pottery, fortifications, bone, lithic materials

Organizations Referenced

Smithsonian Institution, Bureau of American Ethnology, US National Park Service, US Bureau of Reclamation, US Department of the Interior, US Army Corps of Engineers

People Referenced

Warren W. Caldwell, Lee G. Madison, Bernard Golden, Frank H. H. Roberts Jr


Government Printing Office


American Politics | Indigenous, Indian, and Aboriginal Law | Indigenous Studies | Law and Politics | Native American Studies | United States History

Recommended Citation

Caldwell, Warren W., Lee G. Madison, and Bernard Golden. River Basin Surveys Papers, No. 36: Archeological Investigations at the Hickey Brother’s Site (39LM4), Big Bend Reservoir, Lyman County, South Dakota, Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office, 1962.

River Basin Surveys Papers, No. 36: Archeological Investigations at the Hickey Brother’s Site (39LM4), Big Bend Reservoir, Lyman County, South Dakota



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