US Government Documents related to Indigenous Nations


Committee on Indian Affairs


34th Congress, 1st Session



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This Executive Document, dated March 24, 1856, also known as United States (US) House of Representatives Executive Document No. 65, consists of a message from US President Franklin Pierce, in which Pierce transmits, "in obedience to [the US House of Representatives'] resolution of the 17th instant, a communication from the Secretary of the Interior, accompanied by a copy of the report of Superintendent [Alfred] Cumming, in regard to his late expedition among the tribes of the Indians on the Upper Missouri."

In his report, Cummings reports on his trip up the Missouri for the purpose of distributing "annuities" to local tribes, describing his impressions of the tribes, their customs, temperament, relations with neighbors, etc., as well as the landscape, flora and fauna he encounters along the way.

Publication Date



Aricara, Arikara, Arikaree, Belantse-Etoa, Hidatsa, Hundi, Mandan, Mandan Hidatsa and Arikara Nation, MHA Nation, Minnitaree, Nueta, Ree, Sahnish, Sanish, Three Affiliated Tribes, Three Affiliated Tribes of Fort Berthold Reservation

Organizations Referenced

US Congress, US House of Representatives, US Department of the Interior, Mandan Tribe, Hidatsa Tribe, Arikara Tribe, Mandan Hidatsa Arikara Nation, MHA Nation, Three Affiliated Tribes of Fort Berthold Reservation

People Referenced

Franklin Pierce, Nathaniel P. Banks, Robert McLelland, Alfred Cumming, George W. Manypenny, Whitfield, Twiss, Vaughn, Hatch, Smutty Bear, The Man Struck by the Ree, Henry Leavenworth, I. I. Stevens, Alexander Culbertson


Government Printing Office


American Politics | Indigenous, Indian, and Aboriginal Law | Indigenous Studies | Law and Politics | Native American Studies | United States History

Indians on the Upper Missouri. Message from the President of the United States, transmitting a report in regard to the expedition among the Indians on the Upper Missouri. March 24, 1856. -- Referred to the Committee on Indian Affairs and ordered to be printed.



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