US Government Documents related to Indigenous Nations


58th Congress, 2d Session



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This 1904 reprint of President Ulysses S. Grant’s 1870 Executive Order was transcribed and published in vol. I of Charles Kappler’s Indian Affairs. Laws and Treaties. In addition to Grant’s executive order setting apart a reservation for the Arikara, Gros Ventre (Hidatsa), and Mandan, this document includes Captain Wainwright’s Proposal recommending a reservation for the three tribes, E.S. Parker’s Response, and J.D. Cox’s forward to the president.

Publication Date



Executive order, reservation, territory, treaty, treaty stipulations, Treaty of Fort Laramie, Agreement at Fort Berthold, Indians, Arickaree Gros Ventre and Mandan Reservation, Arickaree, Arikara, Arickara, Sahnish, Ree, Hidatsa, Gros Ventre, Minnetaree, Mandan, Nueta, the three tribes, Commissioner of Indian Affairs, cultivate, hunting, grazing, public domain, cut wood, steamboat, starving, appropriations

Geographic Subjects

North Dakota, Fort Stevenson, Fort Rice, Fort Clarke, Fort Buford Military Reservation, Fort Berthold, Fort Berthold Indian Village, Missouri River, Little Knife River, Yellowstone River, Powder River, Little Powder River, Mouse River, Black Hills, Heart River, Little Missouri River, Snake River, White Earth River, Township 147, North Dakota, St. Paul, Minnesota, Washington, D.C.

Organizations Referenced

Mandan Hidatsa and Arikara Nation, MHA Nation, the Three Affiliated Tribes, the Three Affiliated Tribes of the Fort Berthold Reservation, US Army, United States Army, Twenty-Second United States Infantry, Military Division of the Missouri, Department of Dakota, US Department of Interior, Indian Affairs, Northern Pacific Railroad

People Referenced

S.A. Wainwright, Samuel A. Wainwright, O.D. Greene, Winfield S. Hancock, George L. Hartsuff, Philip Sheridan, E.S. Parker, Ely S. Parker, Jacob D. Cox, U.S. Grant, Ulysses S. Grant, Rutherford B. Hayes, Benjamin Harrison


Government Printing Office


American Politics | Indigenous, Indian, and Aboriginal Law | Indigenous Studies | Law and Politics | Military History | Native American Studies | Political History | United States History

Recommended Citation

Ulysses S. Grant, “Executive Order of 1870,” Indian Affairs. Laws and Treaties , ed. Charles L. Kappler (Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Press, 1904), 1:881-883.

Executive Order of 1870 (Kappler)



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