US Government Documents related to Indigenous Nations



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This 1904 reprint of President Rutherford B. Hayes’s 1880 Executive Order was transcribed and published in vol. I of Charles Kappler’s Indian Affairs. Laws and Treaties. Originally issued on July 13, 1880, President Hayes’s Executive Order significantly reduced the size of the Fort Berthold Reservation. Created at the behest of the Northern Pacific Railroad, this executive order resulted in a considerable loss of Mandan, Hidatsa, and Arikara homelands, hunting grounds, and sacred sites.

Publication Date



Arickaree Gros Ventre and Mandan Reservation, Arickaree, Arikara, Sahnish, Ree, Mandan, Nueta, Hidatsa, Gros Ventre, Minnetaree, public domain, territory, reservation, executive order

Geographic Subjects

Fort Berthold Indian Reservation, Dakota Territory, Montana Territory, Missouri River, Little Missouri River, Fort Buford Military Reservation, Yellowstone River, Powder River, White Earth River, Little Knife River, Township 158, Township 159

Organizations Referenced

Mandan Hidatsa and Arikara Nation, MHA Nation, the Three Affiliated Tribes, the Three Affiliated Tribes of the Fort Berthold Indian Reservation, United States government, US Department of the Interior, US Office of Indian Affairs, US Government Land Office, Northern Pacific Railroad

People Referenced

Charles J. Kappler, R.B. Hayes, Rutherford B. Hayes


Government Printing Office


American Politics | Indigenous, Indian, and Aboriginal Law | Indigenous Studies | Law and Politics | Native American Studies | Political History | United States History

President Hayes's Executive Order, 1880 (Kappler)



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