US Government Documents related to Indigenous Nations


The Senate Committee on Indian Affairs


58th Congress, 2d Session



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This 1904 reprint of the Treaty of Fort Laramie with the Sioux, Etc., 1851—also known as the Horse Creek Treaty—was transcribed and published in vol. II of Charles Kappler's Indian Affairs. Laws and Treaties. Originally signed on September 17, 1851, this treaty between the US Government and representatives from the Lakota, Cheyenne, Arapahoe, Crow, Assiniboine, Mandan, Hidatsa, and Arikara Nations, recognized and defined the boundaries between the Indigenous tribes of the Northern Great Plains. Equally, it sought to establish an effective and lasting peace between the signers by agreeing to a series of concessions. In return for recognizing their right to establish roads and posts, the US Government promised to protect the tribes from all depredations by the people of the United States and pay annual annuities of $50,000 for fifty years. This document reflects Congress’ amendment changing the annuity in Article 7 from fifty to ten years. The Senate ratified this treaty on May 24, 1852.

Publication Date



Charles Kappler, Kappler, Indian Affairs Laws and Treaties, Senate, Senate Committee on Indian Affairs, Indian agents, US Army, army, Grand Council, treaty, Horse Creek Treaty, the Horse Creek Treaty of 1851, the Horse Creek Council Treaty of 1851, Fort Laramie, Fort Laramie Treaty, Fort Laramie Treaty of 1851, Indian Territory, ratification, Indian affairs, Indian nations, Indians on the Upper Missouri, Santa Fe Trail, The Great Council, sovereign, head chiefs, annuities, Sioux, Dakota, Sioux or Dahacotahs, Sioux or Dahcotah Nation, Assiniboine, Assiniboin, Assiniboines, Gros Ventre Mandans and Arrickaras Nations, Gro-Ventre, Grosventre, Hidatsa, Mandan, Mandans, Nueta, Arikara, Arrickarees, Arikara, Sahnish, Blackfoot Nation, Blackfoot, Blackfeet, Crow Nation, Crows, Cheyennes, Cheyenne, Cheyeenes and Arrapahoes, Arapaho, Arrapahoes, chiefs, headmen, braves

Geographic Subjects

Black Hills, Fort Laramie, Horse Creek, White Earth River, Missouri River, Platte River, Red Bute, Heart River, Yellowstone River, Powder River, Little Missouri River, Muscle-shell River, Big Dry Creek, Rocky Mountains, Twenty-five Yard Creek, Wind River Mountains, Arkansas River, Santa Fe Road, New Mexico, Texas

Organizations Referenced

Indian Affairs, US Congress Senate, Senate, Senate Committee on Indian Affairs, Department of Interior, Bureau of Indian Affairs, US Army, First Dragoons, Regiment of Mounted Riflemen, Mandan Hidatsa and Arikara Nation, MHA Nation, the Three Affiliated Tribes, the Three Affiliated Tribes of Fort Berthold, Mandan, Nueta, Hidatsa, Gros Ventre, Gros-Ventre, Minnetaree, Arickara, Arikara, Sahnish, Arrickaras, Ricarees, Ree, Gros Ventre, The Great Sioux Nation, Lakota Nation, Dakota Nation, The Seven Council Fires, Oceti Sakowin, Očhéthi Šakówiŋ, Oceti Ŝakowiŋ, Lakota, Lakȟóta, Lakhóta, Teton, Tetonwan, Thĺtȟuŋwaŋ, Brulé, Sičháŋǧu, Sicangu, Burned Thighs, Kul Wicasa Oyate, Heyata Wiscasa Oyate, Oglala, Oglála, Sans Arc, Itázipčho, Blackfeet, Sihasapa, Sihásapa, Hunkpapa, Húŋkpapȟa, Miniconjou, Mnikȟówožu, Two Kettles, Oóhenuŋpa, Dakota, Western Dakota, Wičhíyena,Yankton, Ihaŋktoŋwaŋ, Iháŋktȟuŋwaŋ, Yanktonai, Ihaŋktoŋwaŋna, Iháŋktȟuŋwaŋna, Cheyenne Nation, Tsétsęhéstâhese ,Tsitsistas, Tsis tsis'tas, Tse-TSES-tas, Northern Cheyenne, Notameohmésęhese, Southern Cheyenne, Heévâhetaneo'o, Heévâhetane, Arapaho, Northern Arapaho, Southern Arapaho, Hinono'ei, Hetanevo'e, Crow Nation, Crow Tribe of Indians, Crow Tribe, Apsáalooke, Apsaalooke Nation, Apsaalooké, the Mountain Crow, the River Crow, and the Kicked in the Bellies, Assiniboine Nation, Assiniboine, Nakota Oyadebi, Nakota, Nakona, Nakonabi, Blackfeet Nation, Aapátohsipikáni, Southern Piikani, Blackfoot Confederacy, Niitsĺtapi, Peigan

People Referenced

Charles Kappler, DD. Mitchell, David D. Mitchell, Thomas Fitzpatrick, Mah-toe-wha-you-whey, Conquering Bear, Matȟó Wayúhi, Mah-kah-toe-zah-zah, Makatozaza, Clear Blue Earth, Bel-o-ton-kah-tan-ga, Blotahunka Tanka, Blotanhunka Tonka, Grand Partisan, Big War Leader, Nah-ka-pah-gi-gi, Yellow Ears, Mak-toe-sah-bi-chis, Mato Sabi Ceya, Smutty Bear, Meh-wha-tah-ni-hans-kah, Miwátani Háŋska, Ma-wá-tań-na-hań-ska, Long Mandan, Tall Mandan, Wah-ha-nis-satta, Medicine Arrows, Rock Forehead, Stone Forehead, He Who Walks With His Toes Turned Out, Voist-ti-toe-vetz, Vois-ti-toe-vitz, White Cow, Nahk-ko-me-ien, Bear's Feather, Bark, Koh-kah-y-wh-cum-est, White Antelope, White Crow, Bé-ah-té-a-qui-sah, Beah-at-sah-ah-tch-che, Little Owl, Neb-ni-bah-she-it, Big Man, Beh-kah-jay-beth-sah-es, Cut Nose, Arra-tu-ri-sash, Big Robber, Big Shadow, Big Robert, Doh-chept-she-chi-es, Daxpitcheehísshish, Red Bear, Sits on Edge of Fortification, Mah-toe-wit-ko, Man-to-was-ko, Crazy Bear, Toe-tah-ki-eh-nan, The First Who Flies, Nochk-pit-shi-toe-pish, Four Bears, She-oh-mant-ho, White Wolf, Koun-hei-ti-shan, Iron Bear, Bi-atch-tah-wetch, Young Eagle Chosen, Adam B. Chambers, A.B. Chambers, Samuel Cooper, S. Cooper, Robert H. Chilton, R.H. Chilton, Thomas Duncan, Thomas G. Rhett, Thos. G. Rhett, Washington L. Elliott, W.L. Elliott, C. Campbell, Joh S. Smith, Robert Meldrum, H. Culbertson, Francois L’Etalie, John Pizelle, Benjamin Gratz Brown, B. Gratz Brown, Robert Campbell, Edmond F. Chouteau


United States Government


American Politics | Indigenous, Indian, and Aboriginal Law | Indigenous Studies | Law and Politics | Military History | Native American Studies | Political History | United States History

Recommended Citation

US Congress, Senate and Charles J. Kappler. Treaty of Fort Laramie with Sioux, Etc., 1851. September 17, 1851. Indian Affairs: Laws and Treaties. Vol. 2, 594-596.

Treaty of Fort Laramie with Sioux, Etc., 1851 (Kappler)



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