US Government Documents related to Indigenous Nations



Download Full Text (8.8 MB)


This treaty, signed on July 18, 1825, was the first major treaty between the US Government and representatives of the Arikara Nation. Also known as the Atkinson and O'Fallon Trade and Intercourse Treaty of 1825, this document was part of a series of friendship treaties between Henry Atkinson and Benjamin O’Fallon’s Indian Peace Commission and the Indigenous Nations beyond the Mississippi River. In this treaty, the Arikara acknowledged the supremacy of the United States, which successively promised them peace, friendship, and protection. The Arikara also admitted that they resided within the territorial limits of the United States and that it had the right to regulate all trade and intercourse with them. The treaty further states that the Arikara agreed to use the laws of the United States to prevent or redress any injuries done by individuals, both American and Indigenous.

Publication Date




Proclamation, treaty, Atkinson-O’Fallon Expedition, peace and friendship, friendship, supremacy of the United States, protection, trade, regulations, intercourse, commissioners, concessions, Indians, bands of Indians, Indian tribes, Indian tribes beyond the Mississippi River, chiefs, headmen, warriors, Ricara, Ricara tribe, Ricara Tribe of Indians, Ricara village, laws of the United States, licensed traders, equitable regulations, military post, agents

Geographic Subjects

Mississippi River

Organizations Referenced

United States Government, Indian Affairs, US Army, First Regiment Infantry, Sixth Regiment Infantry, Mandan Hidatsa and Arikara Nation, the Three Affiliated Tribes, Arikara Nation, Arikara Tribe, Ricara Tribe, Ricara Tribe of Indians, Sahnish, Ree, Indian Peace Commission

People Referenced

John Quincy Adams, H. Atkinson, Henry Atkinson, Benj. O’Fallon, Benjamin O’Fallon,Stan-au-pat, the Bloody Hand, Ca-car-we-ta, the Little Bear, Scar-e-naus, the Skunk, Chan-son-nah, the Fool Chief, Chan-no-te-ne-na, the Chief that is Afraid, Coon-ca-ne-nos-see, the Bad Bear, En-hah-pe-tar, the Two Nights, Ca-ca-ne-show, the Crow Chief, Pah-can-wah, the Old Head, Wah-ta-an, the Light in the Night, Hon-eh-cooh, the Buffalo that Urinates and Smells it, T-hah-son, the Lip of the Old Bufalo, Coo-wooh-war-e-scoon-hoon, Long Haired Bear, Ne-sha-non-nack, the Chief by Himself, Ah-ree-squish, the Buffalo that has Horns, Ou-cous-non-nair, the Good Buffalo, Nack-sa-nou-wees, the Dead Heart, Pah-too-car-rah, the Man that Strikes, Toon-high-ouh, the Man that Runs, Car-car-wee-as, the Heart of the Crow, A.L. Langham, H. Leavenworth, Henry Leavenworth, S.W. Kearny, Stephen Watts Kearny, D. Ketchum, Wm. Armstrong, William Armstrong, B. Riley, John Gale, R.M. Coleman, S. Wragg, S. Mac Ree, R. Holmes, R.H. Stuart, Jas. W. Kingsbury, Levi Nute, W.L. Harris, G.H. Kennerly, P. Wilson, Antoine Garreau, Joseph Garreau, Pierre Garreau


American Politics | Diplomatic History | Indigenous, Indian, and Aboriginal Law | Indigenous Studies | Law and Politics | Military History | Native American Studies | United States History

Ratified Indian Treaty 133: Arikara (Ricara) - Arikara Village, July 18, 1825



Cultural Institutions Notice

Local Contexts - Cultural Institutions Notice - Attribution Incomplete
Attribution Incomplete

Collections and items in our institution have incomplete, inaccurate, and/or missing attribution. We are using this notice to clearly identify this material so that it can be updated, or corrected by communities of origin. Our institution is committed to collaboration and partnerships to address this problem of incorrect or missing attribution.

Local Contexts - Cultural Institutions Notice - Open to Collaborate
Open to Collaborate

Our institution is committed to the development of new modes of collaboration, engagement, and partnership for the care and stewardship of past and future heritage collections.