US Government Documents related to Indigenous Nations



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This treaty, signed on July 30, 1825, was the first major treaty between the US Government and representatives of the Hidatsa Nation. Also known as the Atkinson and O'Fallon Trade and Intercourse Treaty of 1825, this document was part of a series of friendship treaties between Henry Atkinson and Benjamin O’Fallon’s Indian Peace Commission and the Indigenous Nations beyond the Mississippi River. In this treaty, the Hidatsa acknowledged the supremacy of the United States, which successively promised them peace, friendship, and protection. The Hidatsa also admitted that they resided within the territorial limits of the United States and that it had the right to regulate all trade and intercourse with them. The treaty further states that the Hidatsa agreed to use the laws of the United States to prevent or redress any injuries done by individuals, both American and Indigenous.

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Hidatsa, Gros Ventre, Minnetaree, Belantse-Etoa, Minitaree, Belantse-Eto or Minitaree Tribe, Belantse-Etoa or Minitaree Tribe of Indians, Indian Peace Commission, US Army, laws and treaties, laws, laws of the United States, proclamation, treaty, Atkinson and O’Fallon Trade and Intercourse Treaty of 1825, Atkinson and O’Fallon Treaties, Atkinson-O’Fallon Treaties, Atkinson-O’Fallon Expedition, military post, supremacy, peace and friendship, friendship, the supremacy of the United States, protection, trade, regulations, regulation of trade, intercourse, articles and conditions, commissioners, concessions, superintendent, agent of Indian affairs, Indian affairs, chiefs and warriors, chief, warrior, enemies of the United States, nation, tribe, band of Indians, indemnification, citizens of the United States, Indian Tribes beyond the Mississippi

Geographic Subjects

Mississippi River

Organizations Referenced

Hidatsa, Gros Ventre, Minnetaree, Belantsea-Etoa or Minitaree Tribe of Indians, Mandan Hidatsa and Arikara Nation, the Three Affiliated Tribes, the Three Affiliated Tribes of Fort Berthold Reservation, US Government, US Army, First Regiment Infantry, Sixth Regiment Infantry, Indian Peace Commission, Indian Affairs

People Referenced

John Quincy Adams, H. Atkinson, Henry Atkinson, Benj. O’Fallon, Benjamin O’Fallon, Shan-sa-bat-say-e-see, the Wolf Chief, E-re-ah-ree, the One that Make the Road, Pas-ca-ma-e-ke-ree, the Crow that Looks, E-tah-me-nah-ga-e-she, the Guard of the Red Arrows, Mah-shu-ca-lah-pah-see, the Dog Bear, Oh-sha-lah-ska-a-tee, Kah-re-pe-she-pe-sha, the Black Buffalo, Ah-too-pah-she-pe-sha, the Black Mocasisns, Mah-buk-sho-ok-oe-ah, the One that Carries the Snake, At-ca-chis, the Black Lodges, Nah-rah-ah-a-pa, the Color of his Hair, Pa-ta-e-she-as, the Wicked Cow, Kee-re-pee-ah-too, the Buffalo Head, Lah-pa-ta-see-e-ta, the Bear’s Tail, Pa-ta-lah-kee, the White Cow, Ah-sha-re-te-ah, the Big Thief, Bo-sah-nah-a-me, the Three Wolves, San-jah-oe-tee, the Wolf that has no Tail, Sa-ga-e-ree-shuns, the Finger that Stinks, Me-a-cah-ho-ka, the Woman that Lies, Ah-mah-a-ta, the Missouri, E-sha-kee-te-ah, the Big Fingers, Mah-shu-kah-e-te-ah, the Big Dog, Be-ra-ka-ra-ah, the Rotted Wood, E-ta-ro-sha-pa, the Big Brother, A.L. Langham, Angus L. Langham, Angus Lewis Langham, H. Leavenworth, Henry Leavenworth, G.H. Kennerly, George H. Kennerly, John Gale, D. Ketchum, Daniel Ketchum, John Gantt, Wm. Day, William Day, R.B. Mason, Richard B. Mason Jas. W. Kingsbury, James W. Kingsbury, R. Holmes, Reuben Holmes, J. Rogers, Jason Rogers, W.S. Harney, William S. Harney, Levi Nute, B. Riley, Benet Riley, R.M. Coleman, Richard M. Coleman, George C. Hutter, Colin Campbell, P. Wilson, Philip Wilson, Touissant Chaboneau, S.W. Kearny, Stephen Watts Kearny, Wm. Armstrong, William Armstrong


American Politics | Diplomatic History | Indigenous, Indian, and Aboriginal Law | Indigenous Studies | Law and Politics | Military History | Native American Studies | United States History

Ratified Indian Treaty 134: Belantse-Etoa or Minitaree (Hidatsa)



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