Harold L. Ickles
74th Congress, 2d Session
Download Full Text (884 KB)
This document, published October 12 1936, is the Constitution and Bylaws of the Three Affiliated Tribes of Fort Berthold Reservation, North Dakota. This constitution was drafted in response to the Indian Reorganization Act of 1934 (also known as the Wheeler-Howard Act) which purported to give Indigenous tribes in the United States more freedom to self-govern. This document outlines tribal sovereignty and governing issues including territory, membership, governing body, nominations and elections, vacancies and removal from office, powers, referendum, land, amendments, officer duties, salaries, meetings of council, and adoption of constitution and bylaws. The constitution is signed by George W. Grinnell (Chairman of Election Board), Authur Mandan (Chairman of Business Council), and Peter H. Beauchamp (Secretary). Secretary of the Interior Harold L. Ickes recommended approval of the constitution on June 29, 1936.
Mandan Hidatsa and Arikara Nation, the Three Affiliated Tribes of the Fort Berthold Reservation, Mandan, Nueta, Hidatsa, Gros Ventres, Arikara, Sahnish, constitution, Indian Reorganization Act of 1934, Wheeler-Howeard Act, tribal sovereignty
Mandan Hidatsa and Arikara Nation, the Three Affiliated Tribes of the Fort Berthold Reservation, Mandan, Nueta, Hidatsa, Gros Ventres, Arikara, Sahnish, US Department of the Interior, Office of Indian Affairs
George W. Grinnell, Author Mandan, Peter H. Beauchamp, John Collier, Harold L. Ickes
Government Printing Office
American Politics | Indigenous, Indian, and Aboriginal Law | Indigenous Studies | Law and Politics | Native American Studies | United States History
Grinnell, George W. Author Mandan, and Peter H. Beauchamp. Constitution and Bylaws of the Three Affiliated Tribes of the Fort Berthold Reservation, North Dakota. 74th Cong., 2d sess. October 12, 1936. https://commons.und.edu/indigenous-gov-docs/118/.
Cultural Institutions Notice
Collections and items in our institution have incomplete, inaccurate, and/or missing attribution. We are using this notice to clearly identify this material so that it can be updated, or corrected by communities of origin. Our institution is committed to collaboration and partnerships to address this problem of incorrect or missing attribution.
Open to Collaborate
Our institution is committed to the development of new modes of collaboration, engagement, and partnership for the care and stewardship of past and future heritage collections.