Lucaogou tight oil reservoir, located in the Junggar Basin, Northwest of China, is one of the typical tight oil reservoirs. Complex lithology leads to a wide pore size distribution (PSD), ranging from several nanometers to hundreds of micrometers. To better understand PSD and fractal features of Lucaogou tight oil reservoir, the experiment methods including scanning electron microscope (SEM), rate-controlled mercury injection (RMI) and pressure-controlled mercury injection (PMI) were performed on the six samples with different lithology. The results indicate that four types of pores exist in Lucaogou tight oil reservoir, including dissolution pores, clay dominated pores, microfractures and inter-granular pores. A combination of PMI and RMI was proposed to calculate the overall PSD of tight oil reservoirs, the overall pore radius of Lucaogou tight oil reservoir ranges from 3.6 nm to 500µm. The fractal analysis was carried out based on the PMI data. Fractal dimension (Fd) values varied between 2.843 and 2.913 with a mean value of 2.88. Fd increases with a decrease of quartz content and an increase of clay mineral content. Samples from tight oil reservoirs with smaller average pore radius have stronger complexity of pore structure. Fractal dimension shows negative correlations with porosity and permeability. In addition, fractal characteristics of different tight reservoirs were compared and analyzed.
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Xixin Wang, Jiagen Hou, Yuming Liu, et al.. "Overall PSD and Fractal Characteristics of Tight Oil Reservoirs: A Case Study of Lucaogou Formation in Junggar Basin, China" (2018). Geology and Geological Engineering Faculty Publications. 3.