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Breann Lamborn


The purpose of this product was to create a resource guide on leisure activities for the activities department in a rural skilled nursing facility (SNF) to address common chronic conditions and support the needs or wants of the SNF residents.  With aging comes more chronic conditions and less physical activity, socialization, and time engaged in meaningful activities, affecting quality of life(QOL) and well-being (Causey-Upton, 2015; Cudjoe et al., 2020; Nedjeljeko et al., 2021; Portillo etal., 2023; Sen et al., 2022; Small field & Molitor, 2018;World Health Organization [WHO], 2022). Providing residents with more meaningful leisure activities will assist the SNF staff in addressing those common concerns through improvement to physical, social, creative, and cognitive skills (Cirillo, A., 2022; Senior Services of America, n.d.).  A literature review needs assessment was completed to find effective ways to address common chronic conditions and occupational deprivation in the adult population residing in SNFs. Various health concerns of the population and best approaches were analyzed, as well as increasing leisure engagement, and what activities should be utilized in a SNF. The environment-health-occupation-well-being (E-HOW) model was used to guide the literature review needs assessment and develop the product (Pizzi & Richards, 2017). The final product was created while completing a doctoral placement in a rural SNF.  The final product is an activity resource guide that provides activities to SNF staff to positively impact the residents' quality of life and well-being. This guide can be used and adapted for rural SNFs or assisted living facilities to provide ideas for activities that may fit the residents' needs and interests.  The resource guide was created from learning about the residents' interests and comparing those to what the evidence states are the most beneficial activities to address common health disparities seen in the population. This product is intended to enhance the residents’ health, well-being, and QOL through activities that address physical, social, creative, and cognitive skills. Future research should determine additional activities that further address all skill and leisure areas that will benefit overall health for residents of SNFs.

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Medicine and Health Sciences

Addressing Occupational Deprivation and Alienation in Rural Skilled Nursing Facilities Through an Activities Resource Guide