Title of Work
Date of Work
James Smith Pierce Collection
Stored: 211 Cupboard C, JSPS-04-OC-01
UND Art Collections Repository
Born in Brooklyn, New York, James Smith Pierce received his PhD in art history from Harvard University. During his career as a professor, Pierce also became an accomplished artist, whose artworks were included in important exhibitions (including a show on land art at the Hirshhorn Museum in Washington, DC) and books on contemporary earthworks and site-specific sculpture. Pierce was also a photographer, exhibition curator, and art collector.
Father Phillip J. Wagner
Wagner was a Catholic priest, who went through many rough patches to reach priesthood. Once ordained, he and his assistant, Edmund Rybicki, created a religious shrine that was later named the Rudolph Grotto Gardens and Wonder Cave. Inspired by his faith and following through on a promise to the Virgin Mary to create a religious shrine if he survived influenza, Father Wagner and Mr. Rybicki spent decades creating the shrines on the parish grounds of St. Philip the Apostle Church. Located in Wisconsin, the site consists of sculptures made out of rocks, plants, and figures that were important to him.
Image is provided for educational purposes only. © University of North Dakota. All rights reserved.
Digitally preserved 2021.