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This study aims to replicate and reaffirm Peter Glick et al. (2007) in their research finding that when men’s masculinity is threated, they have an increased negative affect towards gay men; more specifically feminine gay men. It also aims to see how whether or not being involved in Greek life increases negative affect towards gay men as well. All participants first answered questions regarding demographics, and then answered 30 questions of the BEM Sex Role Inventory Test. After completing this, they received bogus feedback; either they had a feminine personality, or they had a masculine personality. Afterwards, all participants then answered 20 questions relating to attitudes of three different descriptions of men: one masculine gay man (MGM), one effeminate gay man (EGM), and one average heterosexual man (AHM). After analyzing 57 participants’ data using a repeated measures ANOVA with a between-subjects factor, there was no main effect for feedback, and no interaction, but there was a significant main effect for target description. Regardless of masculinity threat, it was found that both gay male descriptions were rated lower in favorability/likeability, with the feminine gay man description rated lowest, followed by the masculine gay man, and then the average heterosexual man rated highest. However there were not enough participants who said they were involved in Greek life so there not could be an analysis done on whether it further increased negative affect or not.

Course: Psychology 304 – Advanced Research Methods

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Grand Forks, ND


masculinity threat, attitudes towards homosexuality, toxic masculinity




Presented at the Winter 2018 Undergraduate Showcase Grand Forks, ND, December 6, 2018.

Masculinity Threat and Attitudes Toward Gay Men: A Replication

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