Document Type

Book Chapter

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Publication Title

The Oxford Handbook of Feminist Multicultural Counseling Psychology


This chapter examines human development in the context of multiple identities. It begins with an exploration of the complexity of human development through the lens of ecological systems theory (Bronfenbrenner, 1977; Bronfenbrenner & Morris, 2006), as augmented by multicultural and feminist psychology (Gilligan, 1982, 1996; Hurtado, 2010; Neville & Mobley, 2001; Yakushko, Davidson, & Williams, 2009). The roles of resilience and empowerment in development are then presented in the context of social identities. The remainder of the chapter explores important developmental concerns across the life span, including physical, emotional, social, and cognitive and academic/vocational development. Across each of these life domains, the specific contributions of feminist multicultural counseling psychology perspectives are identified, with an emphasis on fostering positive development throughout the life span.

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First published as:

Juntunen, Cindy L., and Stephanie San Miguel Bauman. “Life Span Development: Childhood, Adolescence, and Adulthood.” The Oxford Handbook of Feminist Multicultural Counseling Psychology, edited by Elizabeth Nutt Williams and Carolyn Zerbe Enns, Oxford University Press, 2012, p. 44-56. Reproduced by permission of Oxford University Press