Nationality

French

Artist Dates

1808-1879

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Date of Work

1869

Medium

Lithograph

Signature

Initialed in the lithographic stone.

Collection/Provenance

Gift from the estate of Lilly Jacobson.

Art & Design Study Collection

Status

Stored: Lilly Jacobson Collection Box 15

Location

UND Art Collections Office, Hughes Fine Arts Center

Additional Information

Series: Actualités

Published in Le Charivari

Original text: Une séance de magnétisme.

Notes:

Here Daumier presents an allegory about political instability among nations in Europe. Mars, the god of war, is kept asleep through “animal magnetism” (which preceded hypnotism). Should Mars wake up, war will soon erupt.

In the field of medicine, animal magnetism (or mesmerism) was generally associated more with charlatans, than with honest physicians. Yet, some doctors experimented with it as alternate medicine. As hypnotism progressed through the 19th century, it increasingly gained respectability—when understood as being about the power of suggestion, rather than uncanny magnetic energy.

Included in the Daumier III: Law, Medicine, and Social Satire exhibition.

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