The Annie E. Casey Foundation estimates about 10,000 children in North Dakota have experienced some form of parental incarceration. Compared to non-Hispanic Caucasians, Native American children are 2 to 5 times more likely to have an incarcerated parent. Based on national data, over 50% of all imprisoned individuals in state and federal prisons have minor children, with 64% of mothers and 47% of fathers living with their child prior to arrest or incarceration.
Lea Quam, Adam K. Matz, Roni Mayzer, et al.. "Improving Coordination for Children of Incarcerated Parents" (2022). Criminal Justice Faculty Publications. 6.