Green Processing and Synthesis
Large amounts of acidic waste are produced on the industrial scale during hydrolysis of partially amorphous cellulose to produce microcrystalline cellulose (MCC). The essential disposal and treatment of this highly acidic liquid wastes the acid feedstock and increases the production cost. To maximize the use of acid without sacrificing the MCC product quality, this project reports a successful attempt to recycle the acid hydrolysis waste liquid, focusing on the impact of waste recycling on MCC morphology and reducing sugar in the hydrolysate. The results showed that when the waste liquid is recycled 1-5 times, no metal accumulation occurred while cellulose particles remained intact, maintaining their shape and size. Their extent of crystallinity remained nearly constant, even increasing slightly with up to three cycles. The concentration of reducing sugar showed growth when recycling the waste liquid up to three times, although not quite to the levels that would allow for its cost-effective fermentation. The acid amount to be added at the start of each cycle was near 50% of that used on the first stage.
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Xiu, Huijuan; Cheng, Rui; Li, Jinbao; Ma, Feiyan; Song, Te; Yang, Xue; Feng, Pan; Zhang, Xuefei; Kozliak, Evguenii; and Ji, Yun, "Effects of acid hydrolysis waste liquid recycle on preparation of microcrystalline cellulose" (2019). Chemistry Faculty Publications. 9.