Date of Award


Document Type

Critically Appraised Topic


Occupational Therapy

First Advisor

Anne Haskins

Second Advisor

Breann Lamborn

Third Advisor

Gail Bass/Devon Olson Lambert


Community-dwelling older adults are at a higher risk of falls due to many factors; including their environment and nutritional state. Falls have been described as “unintentionally coming to rest on the ground, floor, or other lower-level” (Buchner et al., 1993 as cited in Chase, Mann, Wasek, & Arbesman, 2012, p. 284). Community-dwelling older adults have been described in this research as individuals who are 65 years or older and who live independently. A rural community, according to the United States Census Bureau (2019) “encompasses all population, housing, and territory not included within an urban area” (para. 3), and usually refers to a type of community that is less dense, has a sparse population, is not well built up, and has things that are at a distance (Ratcliffe, Burd, Holder, & Fields, 2016).